As national governments look to step up climate ambition by 2020, they have an enormous opportunity to draw on the dynamism of local governments, the private sector, and civil society in their countries. These actors, in turn, have a key role to play in mobilizing at the domestic level to create conditions that facilitate higher national ambition. Indeed, many around the world are already doing so. While every country’s circumstances are unique, this report draws from a wide range of experiences to map domestic climate action around the world. By identifying the range of forms domestic level climate action can take, as well as best practices, barriers, and solutions, it seeks to inform and catalyze further ambition in the lead-up to 2020.
2018 launches an international effort to enhance climate action and ambition by 2020, the first “ratchet” since the Paris Agreement. Cities, states and regions, business, investors, civil society groups, and other “non-Party actors” play a critical role in this process by delivering progress on the ground and in the real economy. But they also generate new opportunities for national governments to strengthen implementation and step up ambition. Focusing on this mutual reinforcement, this memo explains how non-Party actors can support countries to step up action and ambition in 2018, while also looking forward to 2020.
2018 is a critical year to step up climate ambition on the road to 2020. The groundswell of climate action by non-party stakeholders creates opportunities for national governments to harvest the experience, resources, and achievements of cities, business, regions, investors, civil society, and others to enhance their own ambition. Summarizing a discussion of these issues held on November 15, 2017, at COP23, this document recommends how this process can unfold in 2018.
The first Yearbook of Climate Action shows that effective climate action by businesses, cities and regions, and other actors could make significant contributions to narrowing the global emissions gap, adapting to climate change, and demonstrating to governments that higher ambition is desirable and doable. Moreover, climate action is growing in the global South, and many climate action initiatives are producing outputs toward their goals. Key challenges of inclusion and scope remain, however, creating an urgent need to invest in scaling up climate action – and the framework supporting it – in 2018.
At the start of COP23, a proposed agenda item raised the issue of “MRV”—monitoring, reporting, and verification—for non-party stakeholders. While not adopted as part of the formal agenda, the topic will be the subject of informal consultations at COP23. This explainer provides an overview of the issues at stake and the current state of efforts to track non-party climate action in the UNFCCC and in the broader climate action community.
Read the full explainer here.
2018 will be a critical year to step up climate ambition. The groundswell of climate
action by non-party stakeholders creates opportunities for national governments to harvest the
experience, resources, and achievements of non-party stakeholders to enhance their own
ambition. At COP23, non-party stakeholders can signal their interest to identify such opportunities for parties over the coming year.
The technical examination meetings have not lived up to their potential, but including non-party stakeholders more fully can reinvigorate them. Earlier planning, consultation with nonparty stakeholders, and better linkages with the Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action can improve the technical examination process in 2018 and beyond.
The Climate Action Capacity Building Process, organized by Fundación Avina and the Climate Finance Group for Latin America and the Caribbean (GFLAC), in partnership with several Latin American organizations, seeks to strengthen the capacities and means of implementation of climate action in the region.
Galvanizing the Groundswell of Climate Actions welcomes the opportunity to share our views on opportunities to further enhance the effective engagement of non-Party stakeholders. The wide spectrum of non-Party stakeholders play a number of important roles in the UNFCCC process and addressing climate change more broadly. Encouraging effective participation by non-Party stakeholders will support implementation of the Paris Agreement.
This memo takes stock of the current state of climate action by sub- and non-state actors, focusing on efforts to orchestrate a groundswell of action in support of the UNFCCC process. It aims to give public and private funders an overview of the ‘ecosystem’ of actors and institutions around these efforts to inform funding strategies for the 2017-2020 timeframe in order to strengthen sub- and non-state climate action.
Global Climate Action is entering a critical period in 2017-2018 to deliver and increase climate action as we move toward a 2018 inflection point, and in light of political uncertainty. Galvanizing the Groundswell of Climate Action (GGCA) has compiled this discussion document as a way to advance the conversation. We offer some specific thoughts on who can do what in an effort to make the discussion very concrete, but these are of course intended just as suggestions and invitations for discussion.
On November 18, 2016, on the margins of COP22, Galvanizing the Groundswell of Climate Action (GGCA), through the organisation of WRI, WWF, and NRDC, convened an informal dialogue with Parties, academic institutions, and experts engaged in various thematic areas to discuss ways to accelerate efforts by non-state actors. The purpose of this discussion was to reflect on where we want the global climate action agenda to be in 2018 and to consider the steps to be taken from now until then to realize that vision. This short summary synthesizes the discussion, carried out under Chatham House rules, from the perspective of GGCA.
On November 16, 2016, on the margins of COP22, the Yale Data-Driven Environmental Solutions Group, The Stanley Foundation, and the Galvanizing the Groundswell of Climate Action (GGCA) Coalition, in collaboration with the UNFCCC secretariat, held a workshop for data providers, analysts, and researchers. This forum focused on discussing opportunities for participants to collaborate on harmonizing and aggregating data on sub-national (i.e., city, state and region) and non-state (i.e., business, investor and civil society) climate action.
In a new publication in Climate Policy, 52 non-state and subnational climate actions, announced at the 2014 UN Climate Summit, are assessed on their output performance, or the production of relevant outputs – to understand whether they are likely to deliver desired social and environmental impacts. The authors also systematically analyze to which extent climate actions are implemented across developing and developed countries.
On November 15, 2016 on the margins of COP22, Fundación Avina and Galvanizing the Groundswell of Climate Actions (GGCA), convened a discussion on promoting climate action at the regional level. The session provided an informal forum for participants to share thoughts and discuss priorities for promoting regional climate action and other strategies for addressing geographic imbalances in the climate action agenda. This short summary synthesizes the discussion, which was conducted under the Chatham House rule, from the perspective of GGCA.
On November 9, 2016 on the margins of COP22, Galvanizing the Groundswell of Climate Actions, with WWF, The Stanley Foundation, and WRI, convened a consultation on ways forward for Global Climate Action (GCA). The session provided an informal forum for participants to share thoughts and discuss priorities for GCA and its emerging architecture in light of the High-Level Champions’ reflection note.
The Global Climate Action Agenda should encourage continuity with the thematic areas within the Lima-Paris Action Agenda (LPAA), but make it more flexible by allowing initiatives to self-select into multiple thematic areas. This approach can recognize and support the existing “communities” of climate action while also creating new linkages and groupings that will support and accelerate climate action. This memo presents key recommendations followed by three sections that outline the rationale and description for the grouping of actors and thematic areas. Read more here.
To succeed in its goal of delivering urgent climate action and inspiring further ambition, the Action Agenda must be credible. A clear and robust set of principles and criteria are critical to understanding the commitments and progress of cooperative initiatives, building confidence among actors and ensuring that the Action Agenda effectively contributes to closing the mitigation, adaptation, and means of implementation gaps. Read more here.
An assessment of a selection of initiatives based on the NAZCA portal and UNEP Climate Initiatives Platform shows that EU national governments are well represented in these initiatives, but the level of participation varies between countries and is generally limited to Northwestern Member States and Italy. On the other hand, EU Cities participation is more widespread, but transparency and availability of emissions and energy data can be improved. Most transport initiatives in which EU Member States participate do not include quantifiable targets, which would be key to increase effectiveness. Read more here.
This document outlines the current set of institutional arrangements and processes around the Action Agenda and considers how these might evolve going forward. Particular attention is given to the objectives, functions, division of labor, and operation of the Action Agenda. Read short version here. Read detailed version here.